Battle of Talas


The Battle of Talas/怛罗斯之战

大唐玄宗朝与阿拉伯阿拔斯王朝之间的战役,阿拉伯联军(加上吐蕃以及反叛唐帝国的葛逻禄)惨胜。据说,中国的战俘将造纸术传到了中东,继而传遍欧洲。

The Battle of Talas, Battle of Talas River, or Battle of Artlakh (Chinese: 怛羅斯戰役; Arabic: معركة نهر طلاس‎) was a military engagement between the Arab Abbasid Caliphate along with their ally the Tibetan Empire against the Chinese Tang dynasty, governed at the time by Emperor Xuanzong. In July 751 CE, Tang and Abbasid forces met in the valley of the Talas River to vie for control over the Syr Darya region of central Asia. After several days of stalemate, the Karluks originally allied to the Tang defected to the Abbasids and tipped over the balance of power, resulting in a Tang rout. The defeat marked the end of Tang westward expansion and resulted in Muslim control of Transoxiana (即“中亚河中地区”,包括今乌兹别克斯坦全境和哈萨克斯坦西南部) for the next 400 years. Control of this region was economically beneficial for the Abbasids because it was on the Silk Road.

Historians debate whether or not Chinese prisoners captured in the aftermath of the battle brought paper-making technology to the Middle East, where it eventually spread to Europe.

751年7月-8月(唐玄宗天宝十年)唐安西节度使高仙芝领安西都护府二万汉军,外加盟军拔汗那以及葛逻禄部一万人与阿拔斯王朝(即黑衣大食)呼罗珊总督艾布·穆斯林调集的三万阿拉伯骑兵会战于怛罗斯。葛逻禄人勾结阿拉伯人,阵后偷袭唐军,致使唐军战败。
公元755年唐朝发生内乱安史之乱,西域唐军部分被调入内地平叛。剩余唐军仍然坚守西域数十年。公元790年以后,唐朝才失去西域。

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