Japan

日本語 | Tanngo | Osaka |

Tae Kim's Guide to Learning Japanese

了解日本的历史的一些关键词:幕府、天皇

幕府:镰仓幕府、室町幕府、德川幕府

shōgun 将軍 幕府政治 (ばくふ)(Bakufu Politics,or shogunatepolitics)

1 Heian period (794–1185)
2 Kamakura shogunate (1192–1333)
3 Ashikaga shogunate (1336–1573)
4 Azuchi–Momoyama period (1573-1600)
5 Tokugawa shogunate (1600–1868)

镰仓幕府:建立者为源赖朝,抗击两次元朝入侵;

室町幕府:足利尊氏帮助后醍醐天皇消灭了镰仓势力,后又流放天皇,造成日本南北朝时代;

德川幕府:创立者德川家康是织田信长的发小,丰臣秀吉后建立德川幕府,开创两百多年的幕府。


了解日本的地理的一些关键词

日本由四个大岛:北海道本州四国本州以及7200个小岛组成。陆地面积约38万平方公里(与云南省相当,是广东省两倍多)。

Administrative divisions
Main article: Administrative divisions of Japan
See also: Prefectures of Japan


The top tier of administrative divisions are the 47 prefectural entities: 43 prefectures (県 ken) proper, two urban prefectures (府 fu, Osaka and Kyoto), one "circuit" (道 dō, Hokkaido), and one "metropolis" (都 to, Tokyo). Although different in name, they are functionally the same.


Japan is divided into 47 prefectures, each overseen by an elected governor, legislature and administrative bureaucracy. Each prefecture is further divided into cities, towns and villages. The nation is currently undergoing administrative reorganization by merging many of the cities, towns and villages with each other. This process will reduce the number of sub-prefecture administrative regions and is expected to cut administrative costs.[105]


Mabuchi, Masaru (May 2001). "Municipal Amalgamation in Japan" (PDF). World Bank. Retrieved December 28, 2006.


日本豪取诺贝尔奖的秘密,全印在了他们的钞票上

啥?日本有块地方就叫“中国”?!

Last update: 2018-10-03|Pageview:514
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