Person of the Year

Time magazine has named Greta Thunberg as its 2019 Person of the Year. The 16-year-old Swedish climate change activitist has became the face of a growing movement of young people demanding action on global warming.

瑞典环保少女Greta Thunberg,中文翻译为格蕾塔·通贝里,是过去一年的热点人物,特别那张怒视特朗普的照片让人印象深刻。这则来自VOA Specail English的消息注意到三个关键词:

(1)Thunberg;(2)Climate change;(3)Person of the Year


(1)Thunberg

Thunberg,中文翻译成为通贝里,似乎是有翻译习惯或者规则,这个想去查清楚一些,因为这个是瑞典人的名词。查到历史上还有一个叫“通贝里”的人:Carl Peter Thunberg,中文翻译是卡尔·彼得·通贝里,1743年11月11日-1828年8月8日,瑞典博物学家,出生在延雪平(Jonkoping/Jönköping,广州的友好城市是瑞典的林雪平Linkoping/Linköping,中文翻译还是很讲究意境的),被称为是南非和日本的植物学之父

瑞典环保少女的全名是Greta Tintin Eleonora Ernman Thunberg FRSGS, 很长的名字,一般称呼她就叫她的姓“Thunberg”。例如在介绍她的特点时:Thunberg (born 3 January 2003) is a Swedish environmental activist on climate change whose campaigning has gained interenational recognition. Thunberg is known for her straightforward speaking manner, both in public and to political leaders and assemblies, in which she urges immediate action to address what she describes as the climate crisis.

FRSGS abbr. Fellow of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society 苏格兰皇家地理协会会员。

Thunberg在Solna市的Bergshamra区读九年级。她是艺术家Svante Thunberg和Malena Ernman的女儿,也是演员Olof Thunberg和Mona Andersson的孙女。她被诊断患有阿斯伯格综合症强迫症选择性缄默症。为了降低家庭的碳足迹,她称自己变成了素食主义者并放弃坐飞机。


(2)Person of the Year

《时代》的年度任务一般在当年12月中就会出炉了:The magazine made the announcement Wednesday (December 11st) morning in New York City on NBC'S "Today" show. 今年年度人物最后四强,除了Thunberg还有另外三位:

The four other finalists for Time's 2019 Person of the Year were 

the unnamed whistleblower who raised concerns about a phone call between Ukraine's president and U.S. President Donald Trump;
lawmaker Nancy Pelosi, who in September launched an impeachment investigation into Trump;
and Trump himself, whom the magazine recognized with the award in 2016.

可见美国总统的弹劾影响还是很大的。

《时代》的“Man of the Year” 最早开始于1928年。当年的年度人物时飞行员 Charles Lindbergh, 25岁的他于1927年成为第一位单人不着陆横跨大西洋飞行的人:

In 1927, at the age of 25, Lindbergh emerged from the virual obscurity of a U.S. Air Mail pilot to instantaneous world fame as the result of his Orteig Prize-winning solo nonstop flight from Roosevelt Field on New York's Long Island to Le Bourget Field in Paris, France.

Lindbergh一直保持最年轻的年度人物(获得称号时为25岁),直到让位给了Thunberg(16岁)。

而第一位获得称号的女性是Wallis Simpson:Wallis Simpson was the first woman Time magazine chose for the yearly award. She was namned in 1937,  after Britain's King Edward VIII left his royal position to marry her. 当然那一年就不能叫“Man of the Year”了:That year, the cover said "Woman of the Year".

时代的年度人物一直都是使用“Man of the Year”的说法,直到1999年: It then changed to "Person of the Year".


Greta Thunberg’s Family: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know

格蕾塔·桑伯格 自闭症中国


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